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欧洲商业领袖表示,随着美中贸易战的进行,全球经济前景变得黯淡

wuya 2019-11-29 14:05

 

对数十名欧洲企业高管的调查显示,随着贸易紧张局势和其他地缘政治不确定性给全球经济前景蒙上阴影,他们的乐观情绪正在减弱。


德国研究集团ZEW代表行业协会欧洲工业圆桌会议(European Round Table for Industry)对50位首席执行官和董事长进行的调查显示,尽管总体上对企业的预期仍略微乐观,但就业和投资前景却在下降。


只有约25%的高管预计未来六个月将增加在欧洲的投资,只有不到50%的高管预计将创造更多就业机会。

 

调查结果凸显了经济学家对美国制造和贸易压力的担忧美中贸易战和英国退欧正在影响更广泛的经济。


一些专家估计,世界经济今年的增长将是全球金融危机以来最慢的。然而,发达经济体的失业率很低,而服务业迄今仍保持稳定。如果贸易和工业的问题开始拖累经济的其他部分,全球经济放缓可能会更加严重和痛苦。


ZEW的这份报告调查了消费品制造商雀巢(Nestle)、电信公司爱立信(Ericsson)、钢铁制造商阿塞洛-米塔尔(ArcelorMittal)等大公司的高管,美联社(Associated Press)在报告周五发布前看到了这份报告。


欧洲工业圆桌会议(European Round Table for Industry)表示,调查结果应鼓励即将上任的欧盟委员会(European Commission)把重点放在支持创新上,尤其是在数字和环保领域,并进一步整合欧盟的经济。


化工集团巴斯夫(BASF)董事长、ERT创新部门主管马丁•布鲁德米勒(Martin Brudermueller)表示:“尽管欧洲工业目前的前景总体上是乐观的,但存在一些切实的结构性挑战,阻碍着企业进行投资、创造就业和与世界其它地区竞争。”

 

A survey of dozens of Europe's top business executives shows their optimism is waning as trade tensions and other geopolitical uncertainties cloud the outlook for the global economy.

A poll of 50 CEOs and chairmen carried out by German research group ZEW on behalf of the European Round Table for Industry, a trade association, shows that while the expectations for business remain slightly positive overall, employment and investment prospects are down.

 

Only about 25% of executives expect to increase investment in Europe in the next six months, with less than 50% expecting to create more jobs.

 

The findings highlight economists' concerns that the stresses on manufacturing and trade created by the U.S.-China trade war and Brexit are affecting the wider economy.

 

Some experts estimate that the world economy will grow this year at its slowest since the global financial crisis. Yet unemployment is low in developed economies and services industries are holding up so far. Should the trouble in trade and industry begin to drag down other parts of the economy, the global slowdown could be more severe and painful.

 

The report by the ZEW surveyed executives of major companies like consumer goods maker Nestle, telecoms company Ericsson, steelmaker ArcelorMittal, among others, and was seen by The Associated Press ahead of its release Friday.

 

The European Round Table for Industry said the findings should encourage the incoming European Commission to focus on bolstering innovation, particularly in the digital and environmental sectors, and further integrating the economies of the European Union

 

"While European industry's current outlook is broadly positive, there are real structural challenges inhibiting companies from investing, creating jobs and competing with the rest of the world," said Martin Brudermueller, chairman of chemicals conglomerate BASF and the head of the ERT's group on innovation.

    来自: CBSN