找回密码
 立即注册
首页 全球财经资讯 查看内容
  • QQ空间
  • 回复
  • 收藏

日零售数据大跌 新刺激政策待出

wuya 2019-12-1 15:41

日本经济产业省28日发布的数据显示,10月份零售额同比大跌7.1%,创四年半以来最大降幅,显示在消费税实施后,日本9月份透支的消费可能令未来零售业持续低迷。同日,日本央行官员针对当前遭遇的经济逆风,表示将支持推出新的财政政策刺激经济。

 

根据最新数据,10月份日本国内零售业销售额为11.09万亿日元,较去年同期减少7.1%。

 

日本政府自10月1日起将销售税从8%提高至10%,以帮助解决沉重的公共债务负担。在这一措施生效之前的一个月,日本9月份零售一度大增9.1%,创五年半最大增幅。根据2014年上次提高销售税时的经验,经济学家已经预料到未来几个月需求将大幅回落。

 

据日本媒体指出,由于消费者预期心理,在消费税调涨前已先行采购,以致调涨后出现消费需求“反作用力”,另外,受今年台风侵袭造成店家营业天数减少等影响,百货公司减幅高达17.3%、大型家电专卖店也减少14.2%。

 

不过,受惠于日本政府推出非现金支付回馈政策,便利商店营业额反而增加3.3%。

 

除了对消费的冲击,台风等灾害令日本政府不得不推出新刺激政策,抵御下行压力。

 

日本央行总裁黑田东彦28日表示,政府计划为救灾制定财政支出方案,并采取措施帮助经济抵御不断加剧的海外风险,他对此表示支持。

 

他在一个研讨会上指出,近期一连串自然灾害以及海外增长放缓可能冲击日本经济,这些挑战“应该可以通过政府的财政政策和结构性政策更好地给予应对。”

 

在日本,政治人物正在向政府施加压力,要求其编制大规模支出计划。这增大了财政政策发挥更大作用的可能性,而债券发行也可能随之增加。

 

黑田东彦指出,结合财政及货币刺激措施的组合拳,是一种支持经济的典型方式。

 

由于日本容易遭遇强烈台风及地震,黑田东彦特别以气候变迁相关风险为例,说明各国央行在维持金融稳定时必须应对许多新议题。

 

Japan's retail sales plunged 7.1 percent in October from a year earlier, the biggest drop in four and a half years, the ministry of economy, trade and industry said Wednesday, suggesting that overspending in September could keep the retail sector depressed in the future after the introduction of a consumption tax. On the same day, bank of Japan officials said they would support a new fiscal policy to stimulate the economy in response to economic headwinds.


According to the latest figures, domestic retail sales fell 7.1 per cent in October from a year earlier to y11.09tn.


The government raised the sales tax from 8 per cent to 10 per cent from October 1 to help tackle a crippling public debt burden. The move comes after retail sales surged 9.1 per cent in September, the biggest gain in five and a half years. Based on the experience of 2014, the last time the sales tax was raised, economists had expected a sharp drop in demand in the coming months.


According to the Japanese media, due to consumer expectations, before the consumption tax increase has been the first purchase, so that after the increase consumer demand "reaction force".


However, sales at convenience stores rose 3.3 per cent, helped by the government's non-cash rewards policy.


In addition to the impact on consumption, disasters such as typhoons have forced the government to introduce new stimulus policies to counter downward pressure.


Haruhiko kuroda, governor of the bank of Japan, said on Friday that the government plans to draw up a fiscal spending plan for disaster relief and take measures to help the economy fend off rising risks overseas.


He told a seminar that the recent spate of natural disasters and a slowdown in overseas growth could hit the Japanese economy and that the challenges "should be better addressed through the government's fiscal and structural policies".


In Japan, politicians are pressing the government to draw up a massive spending plan. This raises the possibility of a greater role for fiscal policy and, with it, an increase in bond issuance.


Mr Kuroda pointed to the combination of fiscal and monetary stimulus as a typical way to support the economy.


With Japan vulnerable to powerful typhoons and earthquakes, Mr Kuroda singled out climate-change-related risks as an example of the many new issues central Banks must address to maintain financial stability.

    来自: 经济参考报