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美国总统特朗普对法国征收报复性关税的威胁

wuya 2019-12-3 15:44

 

美国总统特朗普对法国征收报复性关税的威胁,美国时间周一可能兑现。根据美国贸易代表办公室上周发布的声明,“美国贸易代表正在完成对法国数字服务税的调查”,并将在2日公布调查结果及提议的反击行动。

今年7月,法国议会通过了向大型互联网企业征收数字服务税的法律草案。法国政府将向全球数字业务营业收入不低于7.5亿欧元,且在法国营收超过2500万欧元的互联网企业征收相当于其在法国营业额3%的数字税。尽管这一草案并未对任何国家指名道姓,但受到最直接影响的却是谷歌、苹果、脸书等美国科技巨头。随后,特朗普以美国科技公司受到“不公平”对待为由,历史上首次对法国发起301调查。

法新社称,法国政府推出这一法案并非为牟利,而是因为跨国科技巨头经常选择在爱尔兰等低税收国家缴税,从而转移在法国获得的利润。美国《纽约时报》称,除法国外,英国、意大利和加拿大在内的国家也对此表示担忧。

在特朗普扬言对法国实施报复后,美国与法国的领导人在今年8月的七国集团(G7)峰会上达成妥协。法国总统马克龙当时宣布,各国将对数字服务税进行谈判,一旦经济合作与发展组织(OECD)找到合适的方法,在科技公司开展业务的国家进行征税,那么法国税种就会取消。不过,为期90天的谈判到期后,各方依然没找到解决办法,而OECD牵头进行的全新国际税收规则制订,也最早要在明年才能达成新框架。

尚不清楚美国贸易代表办公室的报告内容和将采取什么行动,不过,特朗普此前曾公开威胁要对法国葡萄酒征收报复性关税。除了法国,特朗普2日还通过推特表示,美国将对从巴西和阿根廷进口的钢铁和铝加征关税。特朗普称,巴西和阿根廷一直在让本国货币大幅贬值。“(加征关税)立即生效,我将恢复从这些国家或地区运往美国的所有钢材和铝的关税”。


US President Donald trump's threat to impose retaliatory tariffs on France could materialise on Monday. According to a ustr statement last week, "ustr is completing its investigation into the French digital services tax" and will release its findings and proposed counteraction on Tuesday.


In July, the French parliament passed a draft law that would impose a tax on digital services on large Internet companies. The French government will impose a digital tax equivalent to 3 per cent of the turnover of Internet companies in France that earn at least 750m euros in global digital revenues and more than 25m euros in the country. Although the draft does not name any countries, it is us tech giants such as Google, apple and facebook that will be most directly affected. Mr Trump then launched the 301 investigation against France for the first time in history, citing "unfair" treatment of us technology companies.


Agence france-presse said the government had not introduced the law for profit, but because multinational technology giants often choose to pay taxes in low-tax countries such as Ireland to transfer profits made in France. In addition to France, countries including Britain, Italy and Canada also expressed concern, the New York times said.


The us and French leaders reached a compromise at the G7 summit in August after Mr Trump threatened retaliation against France. French President Emmanuel macron announced at the time that countries would negotiate a digital services tax that would be scrapped once the organization for economic cooperation and development found a way to tax technology companies in countries where they do business. But after 90 days of talks expired, no resolution was found, and a new framework for international tax rules led by the OECD will not be agreed until next year at the earliest.


It is unclear what the ustr report will contain and what action it will take, although Mr Trump has previously publicly threatened retaliatory tariffs on French wine. In addition to France, trump also said Tuesday on twitter that the us would impose tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Brazil and Argentina. Mr Trump said Brazil and Argentina had been allowing their currencies to depreciate sharply. Effective immediately, I will resume tariffs on all steel and aluminum shipped to the United States from these countries or regions.

 

    来自: 环球时报