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印度关闭互联网说明了主权国家的一个常识

2019-12-17 14:27

印度最近下令关闭阿萨姆邦和梅加拉亚邦的互联网,以控制针对有争议的新公民身份修正案法案的抗议活动。这意味着在紧急状态下关闭互联网应该成为主权国家的标准做法。


自上世纪50年代以来,美国一直将印度视为亚洲民主的典范。在美国发布的所谓“印度-太平洋战略报告”中在美国,印度被视为美国重要的地缘政治伙伴因为这两个国家有着共同的意识形态和相似的政治制度。


与此同时,印度是全球第二大互联网市场,拥有超过6.5亿联网用户;仅阿萨姆邦和梅加拉亚邦就拥有3200万网民。


印度毫不犹豫地关闭了这两个邦的互联网,以应对国家安全面临的重大威胁。


几年前,当中国新疆地区面临类似的国家安全威胁时,中国政府采取了类似的应对策略。然而,它却招致了欧美主流媒体的尖锐批评


印度互联网关闭事件再次证明,对互联网实施必要的监管是主权国家基于国家利益的合理选择,是国家主权在网络空间的自然延伸。


互联网最早被欧美发达国家所采用,这就决定了这些国家必然有着不同于其他国家的认知概念。他们努力在网上扩大自己的管辖范围,挤压发展中国家的主权。


主权国家核心利益受到的威胁在不同历史时期的分布并不均衡,欧美发达国家相信自己能够“免疫”网络带来的威胁和挑战。


然而,事实并非如此。如果有必要维护国家安全,印度将毫不犹豫地关闭互联网。在美国作为互联网的诞生地,删除内容、关闭账户以及针对国家安全问题进行广泛的监控已成为例行操作。


互联网不能独立于国家主权之外。基于国家利益管理互联网是世界各国政府的例行工作,包括在紧急状态下关闭互联网。

 

India recently ordered a shutdown of the internet in the states of Assam and Meghalaya to control protests over the controversial new Citizenship Amendment Bill. It means that shutting down the internet in a state of emergency should be standard practice for sovereign countries.

Since the 1950s, America has seen India as an example of democracy in Asia. In the so-called Indo-Pacific Strategy Report released by the U.S., India is viewed as an important geopolitical partner of the U.S., as the two countries share a common ideology and similar political system.

India, meanwhile, is the world's second-largest internet market with more than 650 million connected users; the states of Assam and Meghalaya alone boast 32 million netizens.

India did not hesitate to shut down the internet in these two states to cope when there is a significant threat to national security.

When China's Xinjiang region faced a similar national security threat a few years ago, the Chinese government responded with a similar strategy. However, it attracted sharp criticism from mainstream media in Europe and the U.S.

The internet shutdown in India has once again proved that the necessary regulation of the internet is a reasonable choice of sovereign countries based on national interests, and a natural extension of national sovereignty in cyberspace.

The internet was first adopted in developed countries within Europe and America, which determines that these countries inevitably have a different cognitive concept from others. They strive to spread their jurisdiction online and squeeze the sovereignty of developing countries.

Threats to the core interests of sovereign states spread unevenly throughout different historical periods, and developed countries in Europe and the United States are confident that they can be "immunize" themselves to threats and challenges arising online.

However, that is not the case. India will not hesitate to shut down the internet if it is necessary to safeguard national security. In the U.S., the birthplace of the internet, deleting content, shutting down accounts, and conducting extensive surveillance in response to national security concerns have become routine operations.

The internet cannot be independent of national sovereignty. It is a routine operation for governments all over the world to manage the internet based on national interests, including shutting down the internet in a state of emergency. 

原作者: Qing Qiu 来自: people's daily