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国际货币基金组织总裁敦促各国防止全球化退缩

2020-6-10 15:31

 

新华社华盛顿6月9日电国际货币基金组织(IMF)总裁格奥尔基耶娃9日敦促各国认识到新冠肺炎疫情中全球贸易的重要性,防范全球化进程“急剧倒退”。


指出不平等倾向于大流行后,IMF总裁说,一个虚拟的事件所持有的美国商会(U.S. Chamber of Commerce),“我们必须把这完全建立在我们的雷达屏幕上,认识到全球贸易的重要性在导致更低的成本,更高的收入和更低水平的贫困。”


乔治耶娃说:“在这次大流行之后,各国自然会转向国内,建立卫生安全和更独立的行动。”“但我们必须防止全球化的急剧倒退。”


这位国际货币基金组织总裁说,到2020年底,170个国家——几乎占世界的90%——的情况将更糟,人均收入将下降。她说:“在我们的历史上,我们从未见过这么多人的命运发生如此巨大的逆转。”


4月中旬,国际货币基金组织(IMF)在其《世界经济展望》(World Economic Outlook)中预测,2020年全球经济将萎缩3%。今年5月,乔治耶娃表示,随着新冠肺炎疫情继续席卷全球,世行“很有可能”进一步下调全球增长预期。


他指出,全球各国政府已经推出了总额达9万亿美元的财政措施。他说,这些大规模的措施为许多企业提供了生命线。他说,这些措施“目标明确,考虑周全”。


IMF总裁还指出,今年3月新冠肺炎疫情期间,新兴市场和发展中国家损失了约1000亿美元,是全球金融危机期间的三倍。


”,但在4月和5月,由于这个发达经济体大规模注入流动性,一些新兴市场能够回到竞争的市场和发行债券收益率,总发行约770亿美元,”她说,并补充说这几乎是三倍半去年相同的两个月。


这位国际货币基金组织总裁说,大约75%的国家正在重新开放,所以现在是仔细考虑接下来会发生什么的时候了。


她说:“我认为,我们应该考虑的是向前发展,而不是向后发展。在我们从这场特殊的危机中走出来的时候,我们应该把重点放在一场伟大的转型上。”


"在风险方面,我们将以更多的债务、更高的赤字,以及极有可能出现的更高的结构性失业和更高的贫困水平,走出这场危机," Georgieva称,他呼吁各国仔细考虑如何通过正确的经济政策来降低这些风险。


但她说,这场危机也在数字转型、绿色发展以及建设更公平社会等领域创造了机会。

 

WASHINGTON, June 9 (Xinhua) -- International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva on Tuesday urged countries to recognize the importance of global trade amid the COVID-19 pandemic and guard against a "dramatic retreat" from globalization.

Noting that inequality tends to go up after a pandemic, the IMF chief said at a virtual event held by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce that "we must put this squarely on our radar screen and recognize the importance of global trade in contributing to lower costs, higher incomes and lower levels of poverty."

"There would be a natural tendency after this pandemic for countries to turn inwards to build health security and build more independent operations," Georgieva said. "But we must guard against a dramatic retreat from globalization."

The IMF managing director said 170 countries -- almost 90 percent of the world -- will be worse off with lower per capita income by the end of 2020. "Never in our history have we seen such a tremendous reversal of fortunes for so many," she said.

In mid-April, the IMF projected in its World Economic Outlook that the global economy is on track to contract by 3 percent in 2020. Georgieva said in May that the multilateral lender would "very likely" further cut global growth forecasts, as COVID-19 continues to sweep the world.

Noting that governments have rolled out fiscal measures totaling 9 trillion U.S. dollars globally, Georgieva said at the virtual event that the massive measures have provided a lifeline to many businesses, calling them "well-targeted and well-thought through."

The IMF chief also noted around 100 billion dollars left emerging markets and developing countries in March amid the COVID-19 pandemic, three times more than during the global financial crisis.

"But in April and May -- thanks to this massive injection of liquidity in advanced economies -- some emerging markets were able to go back to the markets and issue bonds with competitive yields, with total issuance of around 77 billion dollars," she said, adding that this is almost three and a half times as much as in the same two months last year.

The IMF chief said some 75 percent of countries are now reopening, and so now is the moment to think carefully about what comes next.

"I believe we should think about building forward -- not back -- and building a recovery that is focused on a great transformation as we emerge from this exceptional crisis," she said.

"On the risk side, we will emerge from this crisis with more debt, higher deficits and -- in all likelihood -- higher structural unemployment and higher levels of poverty," Georgieva said, calling on countries to think carefully how to mitigate these risks with right economic policies.

The crisis, however, also generates opportunities in areas such as digital transformation, green development, as well as building fairer societies, she said.

 

来自: xinhua