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美国考虑对31亿美元的欧洲进口产品征收新关税,以解决飞机补贴争端

2020-6-29 11:49

 

新华社华盛顿6月24日电美国贸易代表办公室24日表示,美国正考虑对31亿美元从欧洲进口的飞机征收新关税。


美国贸易代表办公室在周二晚间发布的一份通知中表示:“美国贸易代表正在考虑增加一份来自法国、德国、西班牙和英国的产品清单,这些产品可能会被列入需要征收最高100%从价税的最终产品清单。”


公告称:“新增产品清单包含30个税项,按2018年预计进口贸易价值计算,税项金额约为31亿美元。”公告邀请公众于7月26日前就特定产品的加征关税提交意见。


该办公室表示,这一最新举措是对其正在采取的301条款调查行动进行审查的一部分。301条款调查涉及美国在大规模民用飞机纠纷中行使世界贸易组织(WTO)的权利。


去年世贸组织就飞机补贴做出裁决后,美国对价值75亿美元的欧洲商品加征关税,并于10月18日生效,此举加剧了双方的贸易紧张。


今年2月,欧盟办公室宣布,从3月18日起,将对从欧盟进口的飞机征收的额外关税从10%提高到15%。它还修改了附加25%关税的欧洲产品清单。


美国贸易代表莱特希泽上周在国会听证会上表示,美国将“继续征收这些关税”,直到解决与欧盟的飞机补贴争端为止。


但欧盟贸易专员霍根(Phil Hogan)本月早些时候对欧盟贸易部长们说,美国最近几周已经从和解谈判中退出。他表示:“如果情况继续如此,欧盟将别无选择,只能行使报复权,实施我们自己的制裁。”


据英国《金融时报》报道,欧盟曾希望世贸组织本月就欧盟可以对美国采取多少报复做出决定,但贸易官员表示,该决定可能要到9月份才会做出。


2004年,美国向世贸组织提起诉讼,指控欧盟以各种形式向空客公司提供非法补贴。欧盟也就美国对波音公司的非法补贴提起了类似的诉讼。世贸组织裁定,美国和欧盟为各自的航空公司提供了非法补贴。

 

WASHINGTON, June 24 (Xinhua) -- The United States is considering new tariffs on 3.1 billion U.S. dollars of European imports amid the aircraft subsidy dispute, according to the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR).

"The U.S. Trade Representative is considering an additional list of products of France, Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom that may be included on a final list of products subject to additional ad valorem duties of up to 100 percent," the office said in a notice published late Tuesday.

"The additional list of products contains 30 tariff subheadings with an approximate value of $3.1 billion in terms of the estimated import trade value for calendar year 2018," the notice said, inviting the public to submit comments with respect to the additional tariffs on specific products by July 26.

The office said the latest move is part of a review of its action being taken in the Section 301 investigation involving the enforcement of U.S. WTO (World Trade Organization) rights in the large civil aircraft dispute.

After WTO ruling on aircraft subsidies last year, the United States levied additional tariffs on 7.5 billion dollars of European goods, which took effect on Oct. 18, a move that has fueled trade tensions between the two sides.

In February, the office announced that it would increase the additional tariff imposed on aircraft imported from the European Union (EU) to 15 percent from 10 percent, effective from March 18. It also modified the list of European products subject to additional 25 percent duties.

USTR Robert Lighthizer said at a congressional hearing last week that the United States will "continue those tariffs in place" until it resolves the aircraft subsidy dispute with the EU.

But EU Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan told European trade ministers earlier this month that the United States has stepped back from the settlement talks in recent weeks. "If this remains the case, the EU will have little choice but to exercise its retaliation rights and impose our own sanctions," he said.

The EU had hoped that the WTO would reach a decision this month on how much retaliation the EU can take against the United States, but trade officials said that the decision may not come until September, according to the Financial Times.

In 2004, the United States filed a case with the WTO, accusing the EU of providing illegal subsidies to Airbus in various forms. The EU has since filed a similar case over allegedly illegal U.S. subsidies to Boeing. The WTO has ruled that both the United States and the EU have provided illegal subsidies for their respective airlines.

 

来自: xinhua