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中国法院使用区块链电子锁来密封作为证据的财产

2020-7-8 16:23

 

《环球时报》的一篇报道称,中国法院正在使用基于区块链的电子门封,以确保财产受到法律审查。该解决方案实现了实时视频监控和报警设施,以避免可能违反法院裁决进入建筑物。


当房屋、建筑物和其他建筑物成为犯罪或纠纷的组成部分时,它们通常会被封锁起来。主要的动机是在法庭作出裁决之前不打扰现场。目前,有关部门用法庭详细资料包裹一个锁,并密封一处房产。问题是,这份纸质文件很容易复制,这意味着有人可以进入房屋,篡改证据,更换印章,没有人会更聪明。


本周,中国法院有报道称,该印章已在多个省份使用。第一个是江苏省的泗洪县和江西省的泗洪县。另一家是北京市海淀区人民法院,它在朝阳区的一处房产上使用了电子印章。法院的判决可以附加在设备上,让人们知道财产的当前状态。


该设备包括一个连接到云的物联网设备。如果电子封印受到干扰或损坏,它将自动打开监控摄像头,并向原告和警方的移动设备发送通知。行为人的形象会被记录下来,印章也会起到警告的作用,告知人们破坏法院印章所造成的法律后果。干扰的事实是使用区块链存储的,减少了篡改它的能力。


与此同时,警方可以利用该平台更好地管理保密财产,并在案件庭审过程中密切关注这些财产。


中国一直是区块链发展的积极倡导者,一些项目正在中国实施。在司法方面,中国法院利用区块链来防止侵犯版权,有的还采用了举证平台。中国的互联网法院已经采用了智能合同,将归档、审判甚至结果自动化。

 

Global Times report said that courts in China are using blockchain-based electronic door seals to secure properties under legal scrutiny in the country. The solution enables real-time video surveillance and an alarm facility for avoiding a potential breach of court rulings to access a building.

Houses, buildings, and other structures often get sealed off when they are integral to a crime or dispute. The primary motive is to leave the scene undisturbed until the court reaches a verdict. Currently, authorities wrap a paper with court details around a lock and seal a property. The issue is that this paper document can be easily duplicated, which means that someone could enter the premises, tamper with evidence, replace the seal and nobody would be the wiser.

This week there have been reports by China Court that the seal has been used in multiple provinces. The first was Sihong County in Jiangsu Province as well as Jiangxi Province. Another was the People’s Court in Haidian District, Beijing, which used an electronic seal for a property in Chaoyang district. The court ruling can be attached to the device to let people know the current status of a property. 

The unit includes an Internet of Things (IoT) device, which is connected to the cloud. If the electronic seal is disturbed or broken, it will automatically turn on a surveillance camera and send notifications to the plaintiff and the police’s mobile devices. The perpetrator’s image would be recorded, and the seal will also play a warning informing the person of legal consequences resulting from breaking the court seal. The fact of the disturbance is stored using blockchain, reducing the ability to tamper with it.

Meanwhile, police can use the platform to manage sealed properties better and keep an eye on them as the case progresses in court. 

China has been a vocal advocate for blockchain development, and several initiatives are being run in the country. In the judiciary, China’s courts are using blockchain for preventing copyright infringement, and some have adopted an evidencing platform. Chinese internet courts have adopted smart contracting to automate filings, trials, and even outcomes. 

 

来自: Ledger Insights