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美国科技巨头高管在反垄断听证会上接受了议员们的质询

2020-7-31 11:02

 

华盛顿,7月29日(新华社)——周三,亚马逊、苹果、Facebook和谷歌的高管在美国众议院反垄断、商业和行政法律小组委员会面前作证,他们的行为遭到了严厉的质询。


“今天听证会的目的是考察亚马逊、苹果、Facebook和谷歌的主导地位,”罗德岛民主党人、该小组委员会主席大卫西西林(David Cicilline)在开场发言中说。他指出,这些平台为了扩张,已经“以破坏性的、有害的方式”使用了它们的权力。


Cicilline说:“在COVID-19大流行之前,这些公司已经成为我们经济中的巨头。”“然而,在COVID-19爆发后,它们可能会变得比以往任何时候都更强大。”


纽约州民主党众议员杰罗德·纳德勒(Jerrold Nadler)就Facebook收购Instagram一事向其创始人兼首席执行官马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)施压,称Facebook此举是为了遏制竞争。


这四名科技公司高管显然试图驳斥这些指控,称他们在公平竞争,并试图淡化他们在各自领域的市场主导地位。


例如,亚马逊创始人兼首席执行官杰夫·贝佐斯(Jeff Bezos)在开幕致辞中表示,亚马逊在美国零售市场的份额不到4%,而且它要与塔吉特(Target)、好市多(Costco)、克罗格(Kroger)和沃尔玛(Walmart)等老牌大公司竞争。


然而,Cicilline指出,亚马逊的业务范围非常广泛——从云计算、电影制作到运输物流和小企业贷款,该公司的市值最近达到1.5万亿美元,超过沃尔玛、塔吉特、Salesforce、IBM、eBay和Etsy的市值总和。


与此同时,苹果公司是智能手机的主要供应商,仅在美国就有超过1亿的iPhone用户,Cicilline说,除了硬件,苹果公司还销售服务和应用程序,包括金融服务、媒体和游戏。


该小组委员会主席说,Facebook是世界上最大的社交网络服务提供商,其商业模式是销售数字广告。


他说:“尽管有一连串的隐私丑闻和破纪录的罚款,Facebook继续享受着快速增长的利润——仅去年一年就有180亿美元。”


Cicilline表示,谷歌是全球最大的在线搜索引擎,占据了超过90%的在线搜索市场。该公司控制着数字广告市场的关键技术,在浏览器、智能手机和数字地图等6种产品上拥有超过10亿用户。


反垄断听证会召开之际,联邦和州执法部门对亚马逊(Amazon)、苹果(Apple)、Facebook和谷歌的调查一直在进行,并开始引起公众关注。

 

WASHINGTON, July 29 (Xinhua) -- Top executives of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google on Wednesday testified virtually before the U.S. House Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law Subcommittee, which hit them with tough questions over their practices.

"The purpose of today's hearing is to examine the dominance of Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google," David Cicilline, a Rhode Island Democrat and chairman of the subcommittee, said in his opening remarks, noting that these platforms have wielded their power "in destructive, harmful ways" in order to expand.

"Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, these corporations already stood out as titans in our economy," Cicilline said. "In the wake of COVID-19, however, they are likely to emerge stronger and more powerful than ever before."

Representative Jerrold Nadler, a New York Democrat, pressed Facebook Founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg on the company's purchase of Instagram, arguing that Facebook made the move to stifle competition.

The four tech executives apparently sought to dismiss such accusations, saying that they compete fairly, and also tried to downplay their market dominance in their respective fields.

Amazon Founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, for example, said in his opening remarks that Amazon accounts for less than 4 percent of retail market in the United States, and it competes against large, established players like Target, Costco, Kroger, and Walmart.

Cicilline, however, noted that Amazon operates across a vast array of businesses -- from cloud computing and movie production to transportation logistics and small business lending, and the company's market valuation recently hit 1.5 trillion U.S. dollars, more than that of Walmart, Target, Salesforce, IBM, eBay, and Etsy combined.

Apple, meanwhile, is a dominant provider of smartphones, with more than 100 million iPhone users in the United States alone, Cicilline said, adding that in addition to hardware, Apple sells services and apps, including financial services, media, and games.

The subcommittee chairman said Facebook is the world's largest provider of social networking services, with a business model that sells digital advertisements.

"Despite a litany of privacy scandals and record-breaking fines, Facebook continues to enjoy booming profits -- 18 billion dollars last year alone," he said.

Google is the world's largest online search engine, capturing more than 90 percent of searches online, Cicilline said, noting that the company controls key technologies in digital advertising markets and enjoys more than a billion users across six products -- including browsers, smartphones, and digital maps.

The antitrust hearing came as federal and state law enforcement probes targeting Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google have been going on and started to draw public attention.

 

来自: xinhua