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日本经济在第二季度因新冠疫情而创纪录地收缩27.8%

2020-8-17 12:26

 

东京,8月17日(新华社)——政府在周一的一份报告中称,在紧急状态下,由于全球COVID-19大流行的限制措施抑制了经济活动,日本经济在4 - 6月期间比上一季度收缩了27.8%,这是一个创纪录的收缩。


日本内阁府称,初步数据相当于经季节调整后的季度环比下降7.8%,最新季度数据显示,日本经济连续第三季出现负增长。


这一数字是1980年4 - 6月当季以来40年来最大的萎缩,当时有可比数据可供参考。不过有报导援引日本内阁府一位官员的话说,以当时可供参考的数据来看,此次历史性的经济下滑可能是1955年以来最严重的一次。


去年10月日本消费税从8%上调至10%,已经撼动了日本经济,而全球冠状病毒的影响对消费和贸易造成了沉重打击,尤其是在今年4月政府宣布进入紧急状态时实施的限制措施期间。


4月7日,首都和其他六个县宣布进入紧急状态,随后紧急状态扩大到全国,5月25日全面解除。


在这段紧急时期,企业关闭和待在家里的需求导致经济活动几乎陷入停滞,占日本经济一半以上的私人消费较前一季下降8.2%,因家庭缩减开支,但大部分都呆在家里。


日本内阁府的初步数据还显示,由于全球对日本汽车及其相关零部件的需求下降,日本商品和服务出口下降了18.5%。


该办公室说,这一数字还反映出,随着日本收紧边境以遏制导致肺炎的病毒传播,外国游客的支出大幅下降。


然而,该办公室补充说,在创纪录的时期内,进口仅下降了0.5%,这是因为来自中国的进口依然强劲,并帮助抵消了来自美国和欧盟的进口大幅下降的影响。


至于私人资本支出,日本内阁府(Cabinet Office)表示,该季度私人资本支出下降1.5%,住宅投资下降0.2%,因企业前景越来越不可预测。


日本内阁府的数据显示,未经价格变化调整,按正常计算,日本经济按年率计算萎缩了26.4%和7.4%。

 

TOKYO, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) -- Japan's economy shrank an annualized real 27.8 percent from the previous quarter in the April-June period, marking a record contraction as the global COVID-19 pandemic stifled economic activity amid restrictions under a state of emergency, the government said in a report Monday.

According to the Cabinet Office, the preliminary data on GDP equates to a seasonally-adjusted 7.8 percent decrease on a quarterly bases, with the latest quarterly figures seeing the world's third largest economy post negative growth data for a third straight quarter.

The figure marks the largest contraction in 40 years since the April-June quarter of 1980 when comparable data became available, although a Cabinet Office official was quoted as saying the historic economic downturn could be the worst on record since 1955 compared to reference points available at the time.

A consumption tax hike last October from 8 to 10 percent had already shaken Japan's economy, with the global coronavirus impact dealing a hammer blow to consumption and trade particularly during restrictions laid down in April when the government declared a state of a emergency.

On April 7, the state of emergency was issued for the capital and six other prefectures and was thereafter expanded to cover the entire nation before being fully lifted on May 25.

The emergency period saw business closures and stay-at-home requests cause economic activity almost grind to a halt, with private consumption, which accounts for more than half of Japan's economy, dropping 8.2 percent from the previous quarter, as households tightened their purse strings while largely staying at home.

The Cabinet Office's preliminary figures also showed the exports of goods and services tumbled 18.5 percent as global demand for Japanese automobiles and related parts waned amid slumping global demand.

The figure also reflecting a considerable decline in spending by foreign tourists as Japan tightened its borders in a bid to curb the spread of the pneumonia-causing virus, the office said.

Imports, in the recording period, the office added, fell just 0.5 percent, however, owing to those from China remaining robust and helping to counter significant declines in those from the United States and European Union.

As for private capital expenditure, the Cabinet Office said it declined 1.5 percent in the quarter, with residential investment down 0.2 percent, amid growing unpredictability over the outlook for businesses.

Japan's economy contracted an annualized 26.4 percent, and 7.4 percent quarterly, in normal terms, unadjusted for price changes, the Cabinet Office's data showed.

 

来自: xinhua