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2020年德国谷物收成再次低于平均水平

2020-8-19 13:47

 

柏林,8月18日(新华社)——德国农民协会(DBV)周二表示,德国2020年的粮食产量约为4240万吨,预计将比过去五年的平均水平低近5%。


DBV主席Joachim Rukwied说:“今年的谷物收成再次低于平均水平,存在极大的地区差异。”他补充说,在该国许多地区,“2020年是极端天气条件出现的第三个年头,这危及了许多农场的生存。”


根据德国国家气象局(DWD)的数据,2003年、2018年和2019年是德国有记录以来最热的三个夏天。


据DBV说,尽管8月份的高温和干旱使德国谷物和油菜籽的收获取得了迅速进展,但玉米、土豆和甜菜等作物的秋收将日益受到缺水的影响。


DBV表示,由于收成少,加上“价格不太令人满意”,德国许多农业企业处于“经济紧张局面”。该国普通小麦的平均生产者价格已从6月份的每吨173欧元(206美元)跌至每吨162欧元。

 

BERLIN, Aug. 18 (Xinhua) -- With around 42.4 million tons, grain harvest in Germany in 2020 was expected to be almost 5 percent below the last five years' average, the German Farmers' Association (DBV) said on Tuesday.

"This year's grain harvest is again below average, with extreme regional differences," said DBV president Joachim Rukwied, adding that in many regions of the country, "2020 was the third year marked by extreme weather conditions, which endangers the existence of a number of farms."

According to Germany's National Meteorological Service (DWD), the three hottest summers in Germany since the start of regular weather measurements were recorded in the years 2003, 2018 and 2019.

Although heat and drought in August enabled grain and rapeseed harvest to progress rapidly in Germany, the autumn harvest of corn, potatoes and sugar beet, for example, would increasingly suffer from the lack of water, according to DBV.

Due to the low harvest quantities combined with "less satisfactory prices," many agricultural businesses in Germany were in an "economically tense situation," according to DBV. Producer prices for common wheat had fallen from 173 euros (206 U.S. dollars) per ton in June to 162 euros per ton on average in the country.

 

来自: xinhua