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德国就业晴雨表:就业前景继续改观

2020-8-28 12:05

 

柏林,8月27日(新华社)——周四,ifo经济研究所宣布,德国企业正在“缩减裁员计划”,ifo就业晴雨表从7月份的93.2点攀升至8月份的95.4点。


在4月份COVID-19危机最严重的时候,德国所有工业部门都出现了大幅下滑,这是连续第四个月出现增长。ifo的就业晴雨表基于德国企业每月约9000份反馈。


ifo指出:“德国劳动力市场即将出现转机。”在过去几个月的裁员之后,“新员工的第一个信号已经出现了。”


根据ifo的数据,德国服务业从COVID-19危机的就业冲击中复苏最快,对新雇员的需求不断上升,特别是在信息技术(IT)部门。


德国建筑业也在复苏,但计划裁员的公司数量与预期增加员工的公司数量一样多,因此整个行业“就业发展几乎没有变化”。


ifo数据显示,尽管德国重要制造业的就业晴雨表“大幅上升”,但多数企业仍倾向于裁员,而不是招聘新员工。


ifo指出,德国贸易部门同样“不愿招聘员工,往往会裁员”。


上周,德国联邦统计局(Destatis)宣布,德国2020年第二季度的就业人数同比下降1.4%,为4470万人左右。


Destatis指出,由于今年3月发生在德国的COVID-19危机,疫情出现了“异常大幅的下降”,而不是通常的“春季好转”。


根据联邦就业机构(BA)的最新数据,德国7月份失业率为6.3%,比上月上升0.1个百分点。英航将于下周公布8月份德国劳动力市场的发展数据。

 

BERLIN, Aug. 27 (Xinhua) -- German companies were "scaling back their layoff plans" and the ifo Employment Barometer climbed from 93.2 points in July to 95.4 points in August, the ifo Institute announced on Thursday.

Following a heavy decline across all German industry sectors in April at the height of the COVID-19 crisis, it was the fourth monthly increase in a row. The ifo Employment Barometer is based on around 9,000 monthly responses from German companies.

"A turnaround is imminent on the German labor market," ifo noted. After layoffs in the last months, "first signals for new hires have now appeared."

Germany's service sector recovered the quickest from the employment shock of the COVID-19 crisis, with rising demand for new employees in particular in the information technology (IT) sector, according to ifo.

The construction industry in Germany also recovered but the number of companies planning to lay-off staff was just as high as those who expected an increase in staff so that the overall sector displayed "little movement in employment development."

Although the employment barometer for Germany's important manufacturing sector "rose considerably," a majority of companies was still tending to lay off employees rather than hire new staff, according to ifo.

Germany's trade sector likewise continued to be "reluctant to recruit staff and tends to expect layoffs," ifo noted.

Last week, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) announced the number of people in employment in Germany in the second quarter of 2020 decreased by 1.4 percent compared to the previous quarter to around 44.7 million.

Because of the COVID-19 crisis which hit Germany in March, an "extraordinarily large decline" had been observed instead of the usual "spring upturn," Destatis noted.

The unemployment rate in Germany in July rose by 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous month to 6.3 percent, according to recent data by the Federal Employment Agency (BA). Figures on the development of the German labor market in August are scheduled to be published by BA next week.

 

来自: xinhua