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美国将恢复对加拿大铝的免税待遇

2020-9-16 11:48

 

新华社华盛顿9月15日电(记者洪磊)美国贸易代表莱特希泽15日宣布,美国政府将恢复对加拿大铝的免税待遇,原因是预计今年近四个月加拿大铝进口将大幅下降。


8月初,美国总统川普在一份总统公告中表示,他决定对从加拿大进口的非合金未锻造铝重新征收10%的关税。他指出,过去几个月进口铝激增,威胁到美国的国家安全。


Lighthizer在一份声明中称,"在与加拿大政府磋商后,美国已确定非合金、未加工铝的贸易可能在2020年最后四个月正常化,进口量较今年早些时候的激增大幅下降。"


"月平均进口量预计将较1 - 7月的月平均进口量下降50%,"他说。“基于这些预期,美国将恢复对不允许的未锻造铝的免税待遇,直至2020年9月1日。”


美国贸易代表办公室指出,在此期间的任何一个月底的六周后,美国将确定实际发货是否达到预期。


他补充说:“如果在这四个月期间,任何一个月的实际出货量超过预期的105%,那么美国将对该月的所有出货量追溯征收10%的关税。”


2018年,特朗普政府以国家安全担忧为由,单方面对全球钢铁进口征收25%的关税,对铝进口征收10%的关税,招致国内外的强烈反对。


2019年5月,特朗普取消了对加拿大和墨西哥的关税,希望美墨加协定(USMCA)获得批准。


根据美国官方数据,2019年6月至2020年5月,从加拿大进口的非合金未锻造铝比前12个月期间增长了87%,超过了过去10年的任何一整年的进口量。

 

WASHINGTON, Sept. 15 (Xinhua) -- U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer announced on Tuesday that the administration will resume duty-free treatment of Canadian aluminum based on the expectations that imports will decline sharply in the last four months this year.

In early August, U.S. President Donald Trump said in a presidential proclamation that he has decided to re-impose a 10-percent tariff on imports of non-alloyed unwrought aluminum from Canada, noting that imports surged over the past few months and threatens U.S. national security.

"After consultations with the Canadian government, the United States has determined that trade in non-alloyed, unwrought aluminum is likely to normalize in the last four months of 2020, with imports declining sharply from the surges experienced earlier in the year," Lighthizer said in a statement.

"Average monthly imports are expected to decline 50 percent from the monthly average in the period of January through July," he said. "Based on these expectations, the United States will resume duty-free treatment of non-allowed, unwrought aluminum retrospective to Sept. 1, 2020."

The USTR noted that six weeks after the end of any month during this period, the United States will determine whether actual shipments met expectations.

"If actual shipments exceeded 105 percent of the expected volume for any month during the four-month period, then the United States will impose the 10 percent tariff retroactively on all shipments made in that month," he added.

Citing national security concerns, the Trump administration unilaterally imposed a 25-percent tariff on steel imports and 10-percent tariff on aluminum imports globally in 2018, drawing strong opposition domestically and abroad.

In May 2019, Trump removed the tariffs on Canada and Mexico, in hope of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)'s ratification.

According to U.S. official data, imports of non-alloyed unwrought aluminum from Canada during June 2019 through May 2020 increased 87 percent compared to the prior 12-month period and exceeded the volume of any full calendar year in the previous decade.

 

来自: xinhua