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中国最大的石油公司之一中化集团推出仓库收据区块链

2020-10-16 14:55

 

 今天,中化集团发布了其集成了物联网的新型仓单区块链。这家国有企业是中国最大的石油生产商之一。


第一笔交易是为北京龙润凯达石化产品有限公司(Beijing Longrun Kaida Petrochemical Products,简称:龙润凯达)完成的,该公司收到了南初管理集团(Nanchu Management Group)的仓单。这张收据随后被用于从中国建设银行获得贸易融资。其好处是当日融资和降低40%的成本。


曾有许多贸易融资丑闻,利用提单或仓单从不止一家银行融资。2014年,中国青岛港发生了一起重大诈骗案,涉案金额达123亿元人民币(18.3亿美元),其中包括伪造金属仓库发票,以及与货运有关的36亿元人民币(5.3亿美元)。在新加坡,今年至少有三家大宗商品公司倒闭,这些案件也被指存在欺诈行为。


在谈到解决方案时,中化能源高科技副总裁孙黎明解释了该平台的帮助。“它使用物联网技术来密切监控数字仓库收据下的货物,以确保每一个仓库收据直接保证货物的存在。”此外,该平台还实现了货物快速发货、收款承诺以及“四流”(收款流、资金流、合同流、货流)的整合。”此外,区块链技术保证了记录的数据不会被篡改。


接下来的步骤包括开发平台,让更多的参与者参与,包括上海石油天然气交易所和中国仓储配送协会。


在早期阶段,任何区块链平台都不太可能实现反欺诈的全部好处。这是因为不道德的交易者可能会使用区块链平台进行一种融资,而使用不同解决方案的银行进行另一种融资,而使用不同方案的银行进行另一种融资。在所有这些平台之间实现互操作性之前,欺诈是不会被发现的。


这也是新加坡政府最近赞助基于区块链的新加坡贸易金融登记处的原因之一。


或许是由于青岛的欺诈案,中国的金属行业也在采用区块链仓单。前海商品交易所(QME)与伦敦金属交易所(LME)与蚂蚁金服合作的同一家公司(HKEX)拥有前海商品交易所(QME)。国有钢铁企业宝钢(Baosteel)推出了“欧耶尔链”(Ouyeel Chain)存单业务。

 

Today Sinochem unveiled its new warehouse receipt blockchain, which integrates internet of things (IoT). The state-owned firm is one of the largest oil producers in China.

The first transaction was for oil trader Beijing Longrun Kaida Petrochemical Products, which received a warehouse receipt from Nanchu Management Group. That receipt was then used to secure trade finance from China Construction Bank. The benefit is same-day financing and a 40% reduction in cost.

There have been numerous trade finance scandals where bills of lading or warehouse receipts have been used to raise finance from more than one bank. In 2014 at China’s Qingdao Port there was a significant fraud of 12.3 billion yuan ($1.83bn) that included fake metal warehouse receipts and another 3.6 billion yuan ($530 million) relating to shipping cargo. In Singapore, at least three commodities houses have collapsed this year, and fraud is also alleged in those cases.

Talking about the solution, Sun Liming, VP of Sinochem Energy High-Tech explained how its platform helps. “It uses IoT technology to monitor the goods under digital warehouse receipts closely, to ensure that each warehouse receipt directly assures the existence of goods. In addition, the platform realizes swift goods delivery, receipt pledge, as well as integration of “four flows” (the receipt flow, capital flow, contract flow, and goods flow),” said Sun. “Moreover, blockchain technology ensures that the recorded data cannot be tampered.” 

The next steps include developing the platform to involve more participants, including the Shanghai Petroleum and Natural Gas Exchange and China Association of Warehousing and Distribution.

The full anti-fraud benefits are unlikely to be achieved on any of the blockchain platforms in the early stages. That’s because an unscrupulous trader might do one financing using a blockchain platform and another for the same goods with a bank that’s not using the same solution. Until there’s interoperability between all these platforms, fraud can go undetected.

That’s one of the reasons why the Singapore government recently sponsored the blockchain-based Singapore Trade Finance Registry.

Perhaps because of that Qingdao fraud, China’s metals sector is also adopting blockchain warehouse receipts.  Qianhai Mercantile Exchange (QME) is owned by the same firm (HKEX) as the London Metal Exchange (LME) is working with Ant Financial. And state-owned steel producers Baosteel launched Ouyeel Chain for deposit certificates.

 

 

来自: Ledger Insights