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英国通货膨胀率在创历史新低后,9月份攀升至0.5%

2020-10-22 14:29

 

新华网伦敦10月21日电英国国家统计局21日表示,英国居民消费价格指数(CPI) 12个月来的涨幅在2020年9月达到0.5%,高于8月份的四年低点0.2%。


尽管9月通胀率升至0.5%,但仍远低于英国央行2%的通胀目标。


与此同时,国家统计局表示,9月份包括业主住房成本(CPIH)在内的CPI 12个月通胀率升至0.7%,高于8月份的0.5%。


英国国家统计局表示:“运输成本和餐饮价格导致CPI和CPI 12个月通胀率上升。”


该统计机构表示,这一变化在一定程度上是由“二手车购买量上升的更大贡献”推动的,因为在COVID-19大流行期间,人们减少了对公共交通的依赖。


"英国通胀9月反弹,延续疫情爆发后几个月相当动荡的局面,"金融服务公司荷兰国际集团发达市场分析师James Smith表示。


分析师们注意到持续的低通胀和全国各地实施的新限制,认为英国央行(Bank of England)可能会在下次政策会议上采取进一步的刺激措施。


在当前形势下,“很难想象英国央行(Bank of England)的原因不会启动另一个1000亿磅(约1295亿美元)的量化宽松政策会议11月5日,“Paul Dales表示伦敦的经济分析公司Capital Economics的经济学家。


史密斯表示,多种因素可能会“推动英格兰银行在11月采取进一步的刺激措施”,包括流行病的影响、即将结束的脱欧后过渡期以及通胀压力的缺乏。


“然而,在这个阶段,这似乎不太可能同时转向负利率,”史密斯补充道。


英国官方数据显示,周二英国与冠状病毒相关的每日死亡人数创下6月以来新高。


与此同时,数据显示,另有21,331人的COVID-19检测呈阳性,使英国冠状病毒感染总人数达到762,542人。


为了恢复正常生活,英国、中国、俄罗斯和美国等国家正在争分夺秒地研制冠状病毒疫苗。

 

LONDON, Oct. 21 (Xinhua) -- Britain's Consumer Prices Index (CPI) 12-month rate rose to 0.5 percent in September 2020, up from a four-year low of 0.2 percent in August, the British Office for National Statistics (ONS) said Wednesday.

Despite a rise to the reading of 0.5 percent in September, it remained far below than the Bank of England's 2 percent target for inflations.

Meanwhile, the CPI including owner occupiers' housing costs (CPIH) 12-month inflation rate climbed to 0.7 percent in September, up from 0.5 percent in August, said the ONS.

"Transport costs and restaurant prices lead the increase to the CPIH and CPI 12-month inflation rates," said the ONS.

The statistical body said the change was partly driven by "a larger upward contribution from the purchase of second-hand cars", as people reduced their reliance on public transport amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

"UK inflation rebounded in September, continuing what has been a fairly volatile few months in the wake of the pandemic," said James Smith, a developed markets economist at financial services firm ING.

Noting the continued low inflation and new restrictions imposed across the country, analysts believe that the Bank of England would be likely to take further stimulus in the next policy meeting.

Under the current situation, "it's hard to think of reasons why the Bank of England won't launch another 100 billion pounds (about 129.5 billion U.S. dollars) or so of quantitative easing at the policy meeting on Nov. 5," said Paul Dales, an economist at the London-based economic analysis firm Capital Economics.

Smith said multiple factors would be likely to "push the Bank of England towards further stimulus in November", including pandemic impacts, the forthcoming end to the post-Brexit transition period and lack of inflationary pressure.

"However, it looks unlikely that this will be coupled with a shift into negative rates at this stage," Smith added.

His remarks came as Britain on Tuesday recorded highest daily coronavirus-related death toll since June, according to official figures.

Meanwhile, another 21,331 people in Britain have tested positive for COVID-19, bringing the total number of coronavirus cases in the country to 762,542, the data showed.

To bring life back to normal, countries, such as Britain, China, Russia and the United States, are racing against time to develop coronavirus vaccines.

 

来自: xinhua