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新华社头条:中国新的五年计划,以促进全球新冠疫情后的复苏

2020-11-23 15:25

 

 

中国共产党领导提出了制定国民经济和社会发展第十四个五年规划(2021-2025)和2035年远景目标的建议。
——新的发展规划主张强调创新、内需、提质、高水平对外开放等,将为世界提供更多发展机遇,带来共同繁荣。


广州,11月22日(新华社)——随着新冠肺炎疫情对世界经济的严重打击,全球观察人士表示,中国有望在未来发挥其作为重振全球经济增长的关键引擎的作用。


中国共产党领导制定了国民经济和社会发展第14个五年计划(2021-2025)和2035年的远景目标。


周日在广州闭幕的“了解中国”会议上,学者和政治家们表示,中国新的发展规划建议强调创新、内需、发展质量和高水平开放等,将为世界提供更多的发展机遇,带来共同繁荣。

 

更高层次的开放机会


国际货币基金组织(IMF)在10月份发布的最新《世界经济展望》报告中预测,今年全球经济将收缩4.4%。


英国学者、政治评论员马丁·雅克(Martin Jacques)在“理解中国”(Understanding China)会议上表示,当前的疫情对世界的影响远远大于2008年的金融危机。

 

与会者还对世界经济面临的结构性问题和一些国家采取的反全球化措施表示关切。


中国在发展倡议中突出扩大高水平开放,与保护主义、单边主义形成鲜明对比。


”作为投资者,我们欢迎中国正在进行的更高层次的对外开放的政策,”梅林说太古,太古股份有限公司董事长援引该国新的外国投资法律生效1月1日,和其负面列表对外国投资变得越来越短,允许更多的外国投资在一个广泛的行业。


“尽管新冠肺炎疫情继续对全球经济构成严重挑战,但我们都见证了中国在这一困难时期的韧性,”他补充说,作为经济增长的引擎,中国疫情后的复苏将至关重要。


中国创新与发展战略研究所的云明清表示,跨国公司将在中国更高层次的开放中获得更多机会,应加强互利合作,共同创造新技术、新产业和新业态。


信心和协作


中国经济在第一季度收缩了6.8%,但在第二季度增长了3.2%,在第三季度保持了4.9%的稳定增长,显示出“v型复苏”。根据国际货币基金组织的预测,中国预计将成为2020年全球唯一一个实现增长的主要经济体。

 

中国制造业和服务业活动连续8个月处于扩张状态,这一最新证据表明,在政府的促增长措施推动下,中国经济复苏仍在继续。


在今年的双十一或光棍节购物狂欢中,非凡的销售业绩也显示了中国的消费潜力。

 

中国政府表示,中国有效遏制了疫情,使生产和生活恢复正常,保持经济长期稳定增长的基本面没有改变。中国完全有信心、有能力保持经济平稳运行。


这种信心得到了企业界的响应,他们在中国新的发展模式中发现了大量机会。


著名打印机生产商Jolimark擅长制造智能和高质量的机器,比如智能咖啡打印机和美甲打印机,目标客户是中产阶级消费者。


该公司表示,中国正在努力扩大内需,挖掘中产阶级巨大的消费潜力,这极大地鼓舞了它。


在这种情况下,日本国际贸易促进协会会长河野洋平认为,中共十九届五中全会公报提出的“扩大内需”和“科技创新”两个目标是最合适的。

 

他在“了解中国”会议视频上表示,中国政府适当扩大内需的政策,不仅将解决地区发展不平衡问题,而且将确保中国公民不受国际不确定性影响的就业机会。


新华社记者李来芳和马晓然也参与了报道;视频记者:霍思颖、王瑞平、纪力、赵玉超、韩崇、潘戈平;视频编辑:刘玉婷)

- The leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has adopted proposals for formulating the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035.

-- The new development plan proposals, which stress innovation, domestic demand, quality of development and high-level opening-up among others, will provide more development opportunities and bring shared prosperity to the world.

by Xinhua writers Liu Jie, Ma Xiaocheng, and Ye Ting

GUANGZHOU, Nov. 22 (Xinhua) -- With the COVID-19 pandemic dealing a severe blow to the world economy, China is expected to play its role as a key engine to rekindle global growth in the future, global observers said.

The leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has adopted proposals for formulating the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035.

China's new development plan proposals, which stress innovation, domestic demand, quality of development and high-level opening-up among others, will provide more development opportunities and bring shared prosperity to the world, according to scholars and politicians at the Understanding China Conference which closed Sunday in Guangzhou.

Photo taken on Sept. 16, 2020 shows the night view of Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

OPPORTUNITIES FROM HIGHER-LEVEL OPENING UP

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected the global economy will contract by 4.4 percent this year in its latest World Economic Outlook report released in October.

At the Understanding China Conference, Martin Jacques, a British scholar and political commentator, said the ongoing pandemic has a far bigger impact on the world than the 2008 financial crisis.

Participants attend the opening ceremony of the "Understanding China" conference held in Guangzhou, south China's Guangdong Province, Nov. 20, 2020. (Xinhua/Deng Hua)

The attendees of the conference also expressed concerns about the structural problems facing the world economy and the anti-globalization approach taken by some governments in the world.

In its development proposals, China highlights its wider and higher-level opening up, which is in contrast to the headwinds of protectionism and unilateralism.

Photo taken on Nov. 3, 2020 shows a view of the National Exhibition and Convention Center (Shanghai), the main venue of the third China International Import Expo (CIIE), in east China's Shanghai. (Photo by Wu Kai/Xinhua)

"As committed investors, we welcome China's ongoing policy of higher-level opening-up," said Merlin Swire, chairman of Swire Pacific Limited, citing the country's new foreign investment law which took effect on Jan. 1, and its negative list for foreign investment that is getting shorter, enabling greater access for foreign investment in a wider array of industries.

"Although the COVID-19 pandemic continues to pose serious challenges to the global economy, we have all witnessed China's resilience during these difficult times," he said, adding that as an engine for economic growth, China's post-epidemic recovery will be critical.

Yun Mingqing with the China Institute for Innovation and Development Strategy said multinational companies will gain more opportunities in China's higher-level opening up and that mutually beneficial cooperation should be strengthened to jointly create new technologies, new industries, and new forms of business.

CONFIDENCE AND COLLABORATION

The Chinese economy contracted 6.8 percent in the first quarter but increased by 3.2 percent in the second quarter and maintained a steady growth of 4.9 percent in the third quarter, showing a "V-shaped recovery." According to the IMF, China is expected to be the only major economy globally to see growth in 2020.

Workers assemble vehicles at a factory of the First Automotive Works (FAW) Group Co., Ltd. in Changchun, northeast China's Jilin Province, Sept. 23, 2020. (Xinhua/Zhang Nan)

China's manufacturing and service sector activities stood in expansion territory for eight straight months, the latest evidence that the economic recovery continued amid the government's pro-growth measures.

The extraordinary sales performance recorded during this year's Nov. 11 or Singles' Day shopping spree also indicated China's potential in consumption.

The giant screen shows sales on Alibaba's e-commerce platform Tmall between Nov. 1 and 12:30 a.m. on Nov. 11, in Hangzhou, east China's Zhejiang Province, Nov. 11, 2020. (Xinhua/Huang Zongzhi)

The Chinese authority has said China has effectively contained the virus and brought production and life back to normal, and the fundamentals sustaining the country's steady and long-term economic growth remain unchanged. China has full confidence and the ability to maintain stable economic performance.

The confidence is echoed by business circles who find massive opportunities in the country's new development paradigm.

Noted printer producer Jolimark is versed in manufacturing smart and high-quality machines, such as intelligent coffee art and nail art printers, aimed at middle-class consumers.

The company said it is greatly encouraged by China's efforts to expand domestic demand and tap the huge consumption potential of the middle-class.

In such a situation, Yohei Kono, President of the Japanese Association for the Promotion of International Trade, believed the two goals of "expanding domestic demand" and "innovating in science and technology" proposed in the communique of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee are most appropriate.

The Chinese government's policy of appropriately expanding domestic demand will not only address the imbalance of regional development but also ensure job opportunities for its citizens who are not subject to international uncertainties, he said at the Understanding China Conference via video link.

(Xinhua reporters Li Laifang and Ma Xiaoran also contributed to the story; video reporters: Huo Siying, Wang Ruiping, Ji Li, Zhao Yuchao, Han Chong and Pan Geping; video editor: Liu Yuting)

 

原作者: 刘杰、马晓成和叶婷 来自: xinhua