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受新冠肺炎疫情封锁影响,11月份欧元区商业活动出现萎缩

2020-11-24 17:11

 

布鲁塞尔,11月23日(新华社)——总部位于伦敦的全球信息提供商IHS Markit周一发布的经济指标显示,由于欧元区成员国采取了更积极的措施来应对新冠肺炎疫情的复苏,11月份欧元区的商业活动有所萎缩。


欧元区采购经理人指数(PMI)预览值从10月的50.0大幅降至11月的45.1,逊于预期,创下6个月低点。


该指数高于50表明扩张,低于50则表明收缩。


IHS Markit指出,尽管服务业受到遏制措施的冲击最为严重,但恶化的经济表现是广泛的,这表明欧元区服务业PMI预览值已跌至41.3,为5月份以来的最低水平。


IHS Markit首席商业经济学家克里斯•威廉姆森(Chris Williamson)评论称,服务业再次受到最严重的冲击,尤其是面向消费者和酒店行业。他补充称,需求减弱也对制造业造成了影响。


根据IHS Markit的数据,尽管仍处于扩张阶段,11月欧元区制造业采购经理人指数(PMI)预览值下降至53.6,创下3个月以来的新低。该数据估计,欧元区的国内生产总值(GDP)今年收缩7.4%,2021年将增长3.7%。


威廉姆森说:“尽管如此,制造业仍是一个亮点,在需求进一步飙升的带动下,德国工厂继续表现出特别令人鼓舞的韧性。”


欧洲央行(ecb)执行委员会成员伊莎贝尔施纳贝尔(Isabel Schnabel)最近在评估第二轮封锁的影响时表示,“这对服务业是一个沉重打击”,她指出,制造业在受益于中国强劲复苏的同时,尚未被关闭。

 

BRUSSELS, Nov. 23 (Xinhua) -- Business activity in the euro area shrank in November as member states introduced more aggressive measures to counter the resurgence of the COVID-19 pandemic, showed the economic indicators released by the IHS Markit, a London-based global information provider, on Monday.

The flash composite purchasing managers' index (PMI) for the euro area fell sharply from 50.0 in October to 45.1 in November, worse than expected, hitting a six-month low.

A reading above 50 indicates expansion, while a reading below reflects contraction.

The deteriorating performance was broad-based, albeit with the service sector hardest hit from containment measures, the IHS Markit noted, indicating that the flash PMI for eurozone's service sector has slumped to 41.3, the lowest level since May.

The service sector has once again been the hardest hit, especially consumer-facing and hospitality businesses, commented Chris Williamson, chief business economist at IHS Markit, adding that weakened demand has also taken a toll on the manufacturing sector.

Although staying in expansion territory, the flash euro area manufacturing PMI decreased to 53.6 in November, hitting a three-month low, according to IHS Markit, which estimated gross domestic product (GDP) of the monetary union contracting by 7.4 percent this year before growing by 3.7 percent in 2021.

"The factory sector nevertheless remains something of a bright spot, with factories in Germany continuing to show especially encouraging resilience, led by a further surge in demand," said Williamson.

When assessing the impact of a second round of lockdowns, Isabel Schnabel, member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, said recently that "it is a hard blow to the services sector," noting that manufacturing is yet not being shut down while benefiting from China's strong recovery.

 

来自: xinhua