找回密码
 立即注册
首页 全球财经资讯 查看内容
  • QQ空间

英国高级官员预测,英国将遭遇300多年来最严重的衰退

2020-11-26 10:55

 

2020年11月25日,英国财政大臣里什·苏那克离开唐宁街11号,在英国伦敦公布支出评估报告。里什·苏纳克星期三说,预计英国经济今年将收缩11.3%,这是英国300多年来由于冠状病毒危机而出现的最严重的经济衰退。(新华社)


新华社伦敦11月25日电英国财政大臣里什·苏那克25日表示,由于冠状病毒危机的影响,英国经济预计今年将萎缩11.3%,这将是英国300多年来最严重的经济衰退。


这位财政大臣告诉英国立法者,预算责任办公室(OBR)预计经济要到2022年底才能恢复到冠状病毒感染前的水平。


Sunak表示,疫情造成的财政损失“可能会持续”,并援引OBR的数据预测,2021年第二季度失业率将达到7.5%的峰值,即260万人。


他警告说,“经济紧急状态才刚刚开始”,他在冠状病毒危机后公布了他的第一次支出审查。


在支出审查中,他说,英国政府已经在应对冠状病毒危机上花费了2800亿英镑(约合3741亿美元),并打算在明年再花费550亿英镑(约合735亿美元)应对疫情。


Sunak说,与此同时,在当前的2020/21财政年度,公共借款将达到3,940亿英镑(约5,264亿美元),相当于英国国内生产总值(GDP)的19%。


他说,为了促进经济增长和支持就业,英国明年预计将在基础设施方面投入1000亿英镑(约合1336亿美元)的资本支出。


他说,此外,英国将成立一家新的基础设施银行,总部设在英格兰北部,与私营部门合作,为全国各地的重大新投资项目提供资金。


就在舒纳克发表上述言论的前一天,英国刚刚录得自5月12日以来新冠肺炎日死亡人数最多的记录。


根据周二公布的官方数据,英国与冠状病毒相关的死亡人数增加了608人,达到55,838人,这是自5月12日以来每日死亡人数最多的一次。


为了恢复正常生活,英国、中国、德国、俄罗斯和美国等国家正在争分夺秒地研制冠状病毒疫苗。

 

British Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak leaves 11 Downing Street to unveil the Spending Review in London, Britain, on Nov. 25, 2020. The British economy is forecast to shrink by 11.3 percent this year, the worst recession in more than 300 years in the country as a result of the coronavirus crisis, Rishi Sunak said Wednesday. (Xinhua)

LONDON, Nov. 25 (Xinhua) -- The British economy is forecast to shrink by 11.3 percent this year, the worst recession in more than 300 years in the country as a result of the coronavirus crisis, British Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak said Wednesday.

The chancellor told British lawmakers that the Office of Budget of Responsibility (OBR) did not expect the economy to return to its pre-coronavirus levels until the end of 2022.

Sunak said the fiscal damage of the pandemic was "likely to be lasting" and cited figures from the OBR that predicted unemployment to peak at 7.5 percent, or 2.6 million people, in the second quarter of 2021.

He warned that the "economic emergency has only just begun" as he unveiled his first Spending Review in the wake of the coronavirus crisis.

In the Spending Review, he said the British government has spent 280 billion pounds (about 374.1 billion U.S. dollars) on its response to the coronavirus crisis and intends to spend a further 55 billion pounds (about 73.5 billion dollars) next year to tackle the pandemic.

Meanwhile, the public borrowing is set to stand at 394 billion pounds (about 526.4 billion dollars) in the current 2020/21 financial year, equivalent to 19 percent of Britain's gross domestic product (GDP), said Sunak.

To fuel growth and support jobs, he said that Britain is estimated to spend 100 billion pounds (133.6 billion dollars) of capital expenditure next year on infrastructure.

In addition, Britain will establish a new infrastructure bank -- headquartered in the north of England -- to work with the private sector to finance major new investment projects across the country, he said.

Sunak's remarks came just one day after Britain recorded the highest daily COVID-19 death toll since May 12 on Tuesday.

The coronavirus-related deaths in Britain rose by 608 to 55,838, marking the highest daily death number since May 12, according to official figures released Tuesday.

To bring life back to normal, countries such as Britain, China, Germany, Russia and the United States are racing against time to develop coronavirus vaccines.

 

来自: xinhua