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美国航空公司恢复波音737 Max商用航班

2020-12-30 15:32

 

3月13日,美国航空公司一架波音737 Max 8飞机从洛杉矶起飞,降落在美国华盛顿里根国家机场。(新华社/沈婷)


联合航空公司计划在2021年2月11日恢复737 Max,西南航空计划在“2021年第二季度之前”重新推出这款飞机。


新华社旧金山12月29日电(记者王雪梅)美国航空公司29日从迈阿密飞往纽约,搭载付费乘客,这是美国航空公司一架波音737 Max客机在全球停飞近两年后首次商用飞行。


据航空公司发言人说,美国航空718航班载有约100名乘客,于周二下午降落在拉瓜迪亚机场。


自去年3月初以来,越来越多的证据表明,波音关键的飞行控制软件在不到一年的时间里造成了两起致命空难,波音737 MAX客机因此在全球停飞。


美国联邦航空管理局(FAA)今年11月撤销订单,停止商业运营波音737 MAX,此举让航空公司在美国联邦航空管理局的管辖下,包括那些在美国,采取必要的措施恢复服务和波音公司开始交付。


美国航空公司(American Airlines)表示,在1月4日之前恢复了迈阿密至纽约的一个往返航班的定期航班服务后,该公司预计“在整个1月份逐步将更多的737 MAX飞机纳入营收服务,根据每周的天数,我们的迈阿密枢纽将有多达36架航班起飞。”


美国航空公司表示,该公司所有Max航班上的乘客都将得到提前警告,并可以选择重新订票。


“如果客户不想乘坐737 MAX,他们不必……我们将提供灵活性,以确保它们可以很容易地重新安置。”

 

联合航空公司(United Airlines)还计划从2021年2月11日起恢复737 Max,根据其网站上的通知,737 Max最大的运营商西南航空(Southwest)计划“在2021年第二季度之前”重新推出这款飞机。


在新路透/ Ipsos周一公布的民意调查显示,57%的美国人说他们不可能在一架波音737飞行马克斯当被告知飞机的历史,而37%的人说他们可能会飞回来之后在服务超过6个月。


今年9月,美国众议院交通和基础设施委员会(众议院T&I委员会)发布了一份关于737 MAX的调查报告,结束了该委员会为期18个月的对737 MAX飞机的设计、开发和认证以及相关事项的调查。


报告指出,由于技术设计标准的缺陷、对飞行员响应时间的错误假设以及生产压力等因素,MAX的设计和开发本可以转向更安全的方向。


12月18日,美国参议院商业、科学和运输委员会主席、参议员罗杰·威克(Roger Wicker)公布了该委员会关于联邦航空管理局的调查报告。


该报告详细列举了航空安全监管和联邦航空局领导失职的一系列重大案例。研究还发现,在737 MAX再认证测试期间,波音不当影响了FAA人因模拟器测试飞行员反应时间,涉及到机动特性增强系统(MCAS)故障。


“波音公司是致力于改善航空安全,加强我们的安全文化,并重建信任我们的客户,监管机构和大众,”该公司在一份声明中称发布的报告,并称已经学会很难教训狮子610航班和埃塞俄比亚航空公司302班机事故。


自2019年3月以来,波音737 MAX飞机已在全球停飞。中国是世界上第一个暂停所有波音737 Max 8飞机的国家,包括新加坡、澳大利亚、欧盟、加拿大和美国在内的40多个国家也纷纷效仿。此外,一些国家已经对该飞机关闭了领空。

 

An American Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft from Los Angeles lands at Washington Reagan National Airport in Washington D.C., the United States on March 13, 2019. (Xinhua/Ting Shen)

United Airlines plans to resume the 737 Max from Feb. 11, 2021, and Southwest is scheduled to reintroduce the plane "no sooner than the second quarter of 2021."

SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 29 (Xinhua) -- American Airlines on Tuesday flew a Boeing 737 Max from Miami to New York with paying passengers on board, making the first commercial flight almost 2 years after the worldwide grounding of the troubled aircraft.

American flight 718 carried about 100 passengers and landed Tuesday afternoon at LaGuardia Airport, according to an airline spokeswoman.

Boeing's 737 MAX jets have been grounded across the globe since early March last year following more evidence emerging indicated that its key flight control software played a part in two deadly air crashes in less than one year.

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in November this year rescinded the order that halted commercial operations of Boeing 737 MAX, a move that allowed airlines under the FAA's jurisdiction, including those in the United States, to take the steps necessary to resume service and Boeing to begin making deliveries.

American Airlines said after resuming the scheduled service with one round trip from Miami to New York through Jan. 4, it expected to "gradually phase more 737 MAX aircraft into revenue service throughout January, with up to 36 departures from our Miami hub depending on the day of the week."

Passengers on all of American Airlines' Max flights will be given advance warning, with the option to rebook, the airlines said.

"If a customer doesn't want to fly on the 737 MAX, they won't have to... We'll provide flexibility to ensure they can be easily re-accommodated," the company said in an earlier statement.

An American Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft from Los Angeles approaches to land at Washington Reagan National Airport in Washington D.C., the United States on March 13, 2019. (Xinhua/Ting Shen)

United Airlines also plans to resume the 737 Max from Feb. 11, 2021, and Southwest, the largest operator of 737 Max jets, is scheduled to reintroduce the plane "no sooner than the second quarter of 2021," according to a notice on its website.

In a new Reuters/Ipsos opinion poll released on Monday, 57 percent of Americans said they were not likely to fly in a Boeing 737 Max when told of the plane's history, while 37 percent said they would be likely to fly after it's returned in service for more than six months.

In this September, an investigative report from the U.S. House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (House T&I Committee) Report on 737 MAX concluded the committee's 18-month investigation of the design, development and certification of the 737 MAX aircraft, and related matters.

According to the report, the investigation has revealed multiple missed opportunities that could have turned the trajectory of the MAX's design and development toward a safer course due to flawed technical design criteria, faulty assumptions about pilot response times, and production pressures.

U.S. Senator Roger Wicker, chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation on Dec. 18 released the Committee's investigation report on the FAA.

The report detailed a number of significant examples of lapses in aviation safety oversight and failed leadership in the FAA. It also found that during 737 MAX recertification testing, Boeing inappropriately influenced FAA human factor simulator testing of pilot reaction times involving a Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) failure.

"Boeing is committed to improving aviation safety, strengthening our safety culture, and rebuilding trust with our customers, regulators, and the flying public," the company said in a statement on the release of the report, adding that it has learned hard lessons from the Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Flight 302 accidents.

Boeing's 737 MAX jets have been grounded across the globe since March 2019. China was the first country in the world to suspend all Boeing 737 Max 8 airplanes and more than 40 countries including Singapore, Australia, and the European Union, Canada, and the United States followed suit. In addition, some countries have closed their airspace to the plane.

 

来自: xinhua